History of Manchester United

Manchester United F.C. (commonly abbreviated as Man Utd, Man United or simply MU) is a top football club in England based at Old Trafford, Manchester. Formed as Newton Heath L&YR F.C. in 1878 as the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway depot football team at Newton Heath, renamed Manchester United in 1902.

Although it has always been one of the strongest teams in England, it was only since 1993 that Manchester United achieved great dominance in the domestic championship under the direction of Sir Alex Ferguson – dominance on a scale not seen since the end of the Liverpool F.C. era. in the mid-1970s and early 1980s. Since the passing of the Premiership era in 1992, Manchester United is the most successful team with twelve times winning the championship trophy.

Despite the success in domestic competition, it is still difficult to repeat in the European championships; they have only won the Champions League three times in their history (1968, 1999, 2008). Since the 86-87 season, they have won 22 major trophies – the most of any Premier League club. They have won 19 Premier League titles (including when they were still called Division One).

History of Manchester United


In 1968, they became the first English team to win the European Champions League, after beating S.L. Benfica 4–1, and they won the European Champions League for the second time in 1999 and again in 2008 after beating Chelsea F.C. in the finals. They also hold the record for winning the FA Cup 11 times. In 2008, they became the first English club and the second European club to become FIFA Club World Champions. On 12 May 2005, American businessman Malcolm Glazer became the owner of the club by buying a majority stake for £800 million (US$1.47 billion) followed by protests from fanatical supporters.

The team was first formed under the names Newton Heath Lancashire and Yorkshire Railwaiy F.C. in 1878 as a team by Lancashire and Yorkshire, the railway station at Newton Heath. The team shirt is green – gold. They played on a small field on North Road, near Manchester's Piccadilly train station for fifteen years, before moving to Bank Street in the town near Clayton in 1893.

The team had entered the soccer competition the year before and began breaking with the railway station, becoming an independent company, appointing a sorority secretary and dropping the "L&YR" of their name to become Newton Heath F.C. only. Shortly thereafter, in 1902, the team nearly went bankrupt, with debts of more than £2500. Their Bank Street Square has been closed.

Before their team disbanded, they received investment from J.H. Davies*, director of Manchester Breweries. Initially, a team legend, Harry Stafford, who was the team captain, showed off the St. Bernard**, then Davies decided to buy the dog. Stafford refused, but managed to persuade Davies to invest in the team and become team chairman.

A meeting was held to change the name of the association. Manchester Central and Manchester Celtic were proposed names, before Louis Rocca, a young immigrant from Italy, said "Gentlemen, why don't we use the name Manchester United?" The name was set and Manchester United officially existed from 26 April 1902.

Davies also decided to change the team colors and red and white were chosen as the colors of the Manchester United team. Ernest Mangnall was appointed club secretary replacing James West who resigned on 28 September 1902. Mangnall worked hard to lift the team to Division One and failed on his first attempt, finishing 5th in the Second Division League.

Mangnall decided to add a number of players to the club and signed the likes of Harry Moger, Dick Duckworth and John Picken, there was also Charlie Roberts who made a big impact. He was bought for £750 from Grimsby Town in April 1904, and brought the team to third place in the standings at the end of the 1903-1904 season.

They were then promoted to Division One after finishing second in Division Two in the 1905–06 season. Their first season in Division One ended poorly, they finished 8th in the standings. Finally they won their first league title in 1908. Manchester City are being investigated for paying players above the regulations set by the FA. They were fined £250 and eighteen of their players were banned from playing for them again.

United quickly took advantage of the situation, signing Billy Meredith and Sandy Turnbull, among others. This new player was not allowed to play before the new year 1907, due to suspension from the FA. They started playing in the 1907–08 season and United were aiming for the title at that time. The 2–1 win over Sheffield United started United's ten-time winning streak.

But in the end, they closed the season with a 9-point advantage over their rivals, Aston Villa. It took the club two years to bring the trophy back, they won the Division One League trophy for the second time in the 1910–11 season. United move to their new pitch, Old Trafford.

They played their first match at Old Trafford on 19 February 1910 against Liverpool, but they lost 4–3. They didn't get another trophy in the 1911–12 season, they weren't supported by Mangnall anymore because he moved to Manchester City after 10 years with United.

After that, they played 41 years without winning a trophy. United were relegated again in 1922 after ten years of playing in Division One. They moved up the division again in 1925, but struggled to get into the top flight of the Division One league and they went down division again in 1931. United reached an all-time low of 20th in the 1934 Second Division standings. Their strength returned during the 1938–39 season.

In 1945, Matt Busby was appointed manager of the team based at Old Trafford. He asked for something unusual in his job, such as appointing his own team, selecting the players to be recruited himself and determining the training schedule of the players himself. He had lost a manager vacancy at another club, Liverpool F.C., because the job he wanted was felt by Liverpool officials to be the job of a director, but United provided an opportunity for his innovative ideas.

First, Busby did not recruit players, but an assistant manager named Jimmy Murphy. The decision to appoint Busby as manager was a very right decision, Busby paid the trust of the management by leading United to second place in the league in 1947, 1948 and 1949 and winning the FA Cup in 1948. Stan Pearson, Jack Rowley, Allenby Chilton and Charlie Mitten had a hand a big part of United's achievements.

Charlie Mitten returned to Colombia in search of a better fee, but United's senior players did not decline and again won the Division One title in 1952. Busby knew that the football team needed not only the experience of its players, so he also thought about bringing in some players. young.

First of all, young players like Roger Byrne, Bill Foulkes, Mark Jones and Dennis Viollet, needed time to show their best game, as a result United slipped to 8th place in 1953, but the team won the league again in 1956 with a team that was of average age. the player is only 22 years old, scoring 103 goals. This policy of young players led him to become one of the most successful managers to deal with Manchester United (mid 1950s, mid late 1960s and 1990s).

Football History

One of the most popular games in Indonesia is football. In fact, this one game is arguably the most in demand, considering that every match that is available never escapes the large number of spectators.

Football, apart from being a sport, is also a place of entertainment for some people. One proof, there are many girls and boys who

may not be good at playing football but are willing to jostle into the stadium to watch or support their favorite team.


So in order to have more insight into the game of soccer, let's find out a complete explanation about the meaning of football, history, rules, basic techniques, benefits to famous soccer figures in the world.

Football History

Football History

Based on sources quoted on the Football History website, the presence of soccer games occurred in China around the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC under the name of the game Cuju. Where Cuju is played with a round ball on a square ground. Many countries claim that the presence of football started from themselves, such as Ancient Greece and Rome.

But the widely acclaimed story of the popular game of football in the 12th century, where in this century football was played on the meadows and streets of England. Over time, football clubs emerged, but the presence of the football club, which is believed to have existed since the 15th century, was well organized and without official status.

Therefore, it is quite difficult to determine which football club was the first to appear on this earth. Some British historians believe that there was a professional club that was formed in England in 1862 under the name of the English club Notts County. A year later modern football was born in 1863 when the English Football Association was founded.

Since then, in 1883, the first international tournament was held involving four countries, namely England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Although football became a phenomenon that was loved and loved by England, it slowly spread to other European countries. The first match in 1867 to take place outside Europe was in Argentina. Precisely on May 21, 1904 the Federation International Football Association (FIFA) was founded, which was signed by seven countries namely France, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.

Although England is synonymous with the history of the development of football, they did not join in from the start. Still, they merged the following year. The growing love of the sport of football was strengthened by its inclusion as an official sport in the Olympics in 1908. And the first World Cup held in 1930 further strengthened the sport which is very popular on the international scene. It was not until 1996 that women's football was added for the first time.

Definition of Football

The game of football involves the movement of physical, mental, gross motor and fine motor elements, and is built with solid team strength. The movement of all these elements is done to keep the ball moving dynamically and crossing the goal line.

The ball used in the game is oval in shape, where every movement is carried out by each player using their feet and only the goalkeeper (goalkeeper) can touch the ball using their hands.Moments and events from football matches do give an unforgettable impression, and always attract attention to be seen movement by movement.

There is nothing wrong with football being one of the most popular sports in the world. A sport played by 250 million people in more than 200 countries is also committed to making it a must-have sport. So that many supporters and families are committed not to miss a football match, both professional league and amateur league.

As one of the oldest sports in the world it is also the most popular to watch. Today, the game is played worldwide by millions of people, with billions of supporters. No wonder football is present in various game concepts, such as the World Cup.

In addition there are tournaments Euro Championships, Copa America and Africa Cup of Nations. In addition, the strongest leagues in England (English Premier League), Spain (La Liga), Italy (Serie A) and Germany (Bundesliga). IN Indonesia (Liga 1) as the strongest league.

Seeing the enthusiasm of the world's population for soccer, it may have to coincide with the rules of the game, FIFA as the international organization that oversees this sport has issued standard rules.

Where this rule is called the Law of the Game which according to them applies to all matches both at the international level and matches between small children in remote villages.

According to them that the law should apply equally in every game in every confederation, country, city and village around the world. Because with the rules imposed in the game is a great power that must be maintained for the good.

In the Law of the Game document they have a philosophy and spirit of the law where "the best matches are matches where referees are rarely needed because the game is full of respect for each other".

These guidelines are the only football laws adopted by the sporting body FIFA. In these rules there are 17 articles that apply to matches where the rules relating to the number of players a team must have, the duration of the match, the size of the field and ball, the type and nature of the offense that can be judged by the referee, and many other rules related to the principles of football. ball. During the game, it is the duty of the referee to interpret and enforce the "principles" of the game. However, in general, in football matches, the goal is to score as many goals as the opponent.

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