History Liverpool

Liverpool FC or commonly referred to as "The Reds / The Red" is one of the most famous English football clubs in the world. This is evidenced by the many championships where "The Red" has become the champion of various competitions both domestically, regionally, and even at the world level. Therefore, it is not wrong to review further about Liverpool FC.

Liverpool was founded on March 15, 1892 as a result of a dispute between the Everton FC Committee and John Houlding as Club President who is also the owner of the Anfield stadium. Earlier in 1891 John Houlding, as tenant of Anfield Stadium, bought the land outright and proposed increasing the rent from £100 to £250 per year.

Everton, who has played at Anfield for seven years, turned it down and a feud ensued. As a result of the feud, Everton finally moved to the Goodison Park stadium and John Holding made the Anfield stadium the home of Liverpool until now. The club was named Everton FC and Athletic Grounds, Ltd., or Everton Athletic for short, but the English Football Association (FA) refused to recognize that there were two teams named Everton.

History Liverpool

In June 1892, John Houlding finally chose the name Liverpool F.C. as a new name, and Liverpool transformed into a serious force in English football competition. Starting his debut as a professional football club, Liverpool played in the Lancashire League and managed to become a champion before finally joining the Second Division of the English League (now called the Football League Championship) in the 1893-94 season.

In his first season in Division II, Liverpool immediately became champions and were entitled to promotion to Division I (now called the English Premier League). Liverpool did not wait long to win the league, because in their first season in Division I (1900-01), Liverpool won the Division I and did it again five years later. The liver bird has long been a symbol of Liverpool FC. Taken from the coat of arms of the royal army, the logo was first used in the 20th century, as a champions medal to the player who won the Premier League in 1901.

The logo later appeared on the club's flag when they won the league in 1922, the cover of the program since 1935, has also appeared on picture taken in the 1930s. The picture shows the players at Anfield wearing the Liver Bird logo. Two decades later, the logo appeared in 1950. Precisely in the second FA Cup final as well as LFC's inaugural appearance at Wembley.

That day became a historic time for Liverpool because the Liver Bird was attached to the jersey of the players. Over the next five years, Liverpool wore the same jersey several times as worn at Wembley. After previously only at home games, Liver Bird was finally installed on Liverpool's main jersey starting the 1955-56 season with the words "L.F.C" at the bottom. The logo on the jersey was used for the next 14 years. The shape of the uniform has also changed.

The exception came on 1 May 1965 in the FA Cup final against Lees United at Wembley. The Liver Bird image is integrated into the costume, no longer pasted separately. In 1969, the oval shape surrounding the Liver Bird was removed. The magical power of the new costume was immediately seen in the 4-1 win over Wembley at the opening of the new season. For more than the next two decades, the logo accompanied Liverpool's glory in England and the world.

Minor changes occurred only when the color changed from white to yellow in 1976-77, and again during the 1985-86 season. The exception occurred in the 1977 Champions Cup final. In that match, Liver Bird was surrounded by two double circles. The summer of 1987, there was a big change at Anfield. Ian Rush left for Juventus. John Barnes and Peter Beardsley were brought in to replace Rush. In that period, the club logo began to be used for administrative and commercial purposes. The L.F.C writing under the logo is also gone.

Changes occurred again in 1992 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the club. Liver Bird then made smaller. Summer 2012, the logo changed again. Yellow Liver Bird standing single. Just like the logo used by Liverpool in the heyday of the 1970-1980s. JERSEY LIVERPOOL FC FROM TIME TO TIME Jerseys are one of the most sought after and highly anticipated items at the start of every competitive season both by fans and by the mass media.

They are very interested in the latest patterns of jerseys for football teams like Liverpool FC. Liverpool FC itself apparently did not use red at the beginning of its formation where "The Red" used a jersey with a Blue-White-Blue base color. LFC used a jersey with a red base in the 1896/1897 season competition.


Liverpool FC is one of the most phenomenal English football clubs in the world. Various competitions at the domestic, regional and even world levels have "The Red" won. The following are various Liverpool FC champion trophies

18 English Premier League titles namely in 1900-01, 1905-06, 1921-22, 1922-23, 1946-47, 1963-64, 1965-66, 1972-73, 1975-76, 1976-77, 1978 -79, 1979-80, 1981-82, 1982-83, 1983-84, 1985-86, 1987-88, 1989-90
5 Champions League titles in 1976-77, 1977-78, 1980-81, 1983-84, 2004-05
7 FA Cup titles in 1964-65, 1973-74, 1985-86, 1988-89, 1991-92, 2000-01, 2005-06
8 League Cup Champion titles in 1980-81, 1981-82, 1982-83, 1983-84, 1994-95, 2000-01, 2002-03, 2011-2012
3 UEFA Cup Champion titles in 1972-73, 1975-76, 2000-01
3 European Super Cup Champion titles namely in 1977, 2001, 2005
1 Super Cup Champion title in 1985-86
15 FA Charity Shield / Community Shield titles in 1964*, 1965*, 1966, 1974, 1976, 1977*, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1986*, 1988, 1989, 1990*, 2001, 2006
4 Division Two Champion titles, namely in 1893-94, 1895-96, 1904-05, 1961-62
1 Lancashire League Champion title in 1892-93
3 Carlsberg Trophy Champion titles, namely in 1997-98, 1998-99, 1999-2000
18 Reserve Division One / Division One titles for reserves namely in 1956-57, 1968-69, 1969-70, 1970-71, 1972-73, 1973-74, 1974-75, 1975-76, 1976-77, 1978-79, 1979-80, 1980-81, 1981-82, 1983-84, 1984-85, 1989-90, 1999-2000, 2007-08
1 Barclays Reserves National Champions title in 2007-08
3 FA Youth Cup titles in 1995-96, 2005-06, 2006-07

History Manchester City

Manchester City has a long history in the English football scene. The club nicknamed The Citizens had to go through an ups and downs phase to become one of the clubs to be reckoned with in England. Manchester City was born from the embryo of a football club St Mark's Church in 1880. At that time, Rome with the church system controlled the world government.

The beginning of the formation of Manchester City, marked by the appointment of Arthur Connell as head of St Mark's Church in West Gorton, a district east of the City of Manchester. Crime in the City of Manchester at that time was very high. Arthur Connell's daughter, Anna Connell wants to form a youth sports association to reduce crime rates in the City of Manchester.

Therefore, a cricket club was born under St Mark's Church in 1868. Subsequently, the cricket club underwent a change into a football team named St. Marks (West Gordon) in 1880. The emergence of the football team could not be separated from the popularity of the world of bal-balan which began to rise. In 1887, the team evolved into Ardwick AFC, having moved headquarters to Hyde Road.

Ardwick AFC became one of the founding clubs of the English Second Division in 1892. Two years later, Ardwick AFC changed its name to Manchester City Football Club, along with representing Hyde Road in English Division Two competitions. Manchester City was finally able to become the champion of Division Two in 1989. The Citizens were promoted to the English Premier League.

History Manchester City

In 1904, Manchester City became the first Manchester City club to win the FA Cup when they beat Bolten Wanderes 1-0. Manchester City (1900 to 1970) Then, Manchester City had to experience a period of vacuum with other clubs after World War I in 1914 to 1918. Manchester City began to be active again by moving headquarters to Maine Road in 1923, along with the burning of Hyde Road. In 1926, Manchester City had to be relegated to Division Two.

In fact, Manchester City won the most decisive first victory in the Manchester Derby against Manchester United at Old Trafford, with a landslide score of 6-1. Two years later, Manchester City returned to promotion to the English Premier League after winning Division Two. Manchester City then made an achievement by winning the FA Cup title for the second time in 1934, after beating Portsmouth 2-1.

Three years later, Manchester City won the inaugural English Premier League title. After that, the ups and downs of Manchester City took place. Until in the end, Manchester City won the second English Premier League title in 1968. One year later, Manchester City won the FA Cup for the third time after beating Leicester City 1-0 at Wembley Stadium.

One year later, Manchester City won its first title in European competition. The Citizens won the Cup Winners' Cup title in 1970. The title was complemented by the success of Manchester City to win the English League Cup in the same year. Rivalry with Manchester United Winners Cup Winners show proof that Manchester City should be reckoned with by his brother and neighbor, Manchester United.

After that, the rivalry between the two clubs began to heat up. Several events had colored the Manchester Derby in the 1970s. In the 1973-1974 season, for example, when Mike Doyle (Manchester City) and Lou Macari (Manchester United) did not want to leave the field despite receiving a red card.

The referee intervened to make both of them off the field. In the end, the referee ordered all the players from both teams to enter the locker room, before Doyle and Macari left the field. After that, the rivalry between the two began to subside in the 1980s.

Only a handful of interesting events on the field coloring Deby Manchester. The decade of the 1990s, Manchester United began to grow to collect many titles. Manchester City is only a club limited to the ups and downs of the competition caste and survives in the middle board. The rivalry between the two is still normal.

Manchester City have finally built a dream team with the entry of investor Sheikh Mansour. Sheikh Mansour gave United States dollars to build Manchester City into a strong team. Players like Carlos Tevez, Mario Ballotelli, Samir Nasri, to coach Roberto Mancini have been brought in by Manchester City. The tradition of shopping for star players is also carried out by Manchester City.

In the 2011/2012 season, Manchester City finally won the English Premier League for the first time, and inflicted the first major home defeat in the Sir Alex Ferguson era for Manchester United. Manchester City slaughtered Manchester United 1-6 at Old Trafford. The rivalry between the two continues in the title race. 2013/2014 season, Manchester City again proved as noisy neighbors by winning the second Premier League title. In the era of Pep Guardiola (Manchester City) with Jose Mourinho (Manchester United), the Manchester Derby

March 2005 Keegan resigned and Stuart Pearce replaced him as caretaker or interim manager. City's brilliant performances made Pearce appointed as full manager and Pearce's 2005-2006 season brought City to 6th place in the Premier League. The following season City's appearance declined drastically and only inhabited the bottom of the standings although they were not relegated.

Pearce was eventually sacked and replaced by former England national team manager, Sven-Göran Eriksson. At that time Manchester City was owned by the ambitious billionaire and former prime minister of Thailand, Thaksin Shinawatra.

Under Eriksson, City appeared strong at the start of the competition but began to lose balance from the middle of the competition, although they were able to reach the UEFA Cup zone thanks to their fair play performances. Thaksin, who was impatient, would have sacked Eriksson before the end of the competition if it had not been held back by Citizen fans who felt Thaksin was too arbitrary and did not pay attention to the desires of City fans.

Eriksson's dismissal was only briefly delayed and was actually carried out later in the competition. Mark Hughes, manager of Blackburn Rovers and also a former favorite player for city club Manchester United, was appointed to replace him. Under Hughes, City managed to occupy the Premier League position in the 2008-09 season and also successfully penetrated the UEFA Cup quarter-finals.

Hughes only lasted until half the 2009–10 season, he was replaced by Roberto Mancini. Roberto Mancini Era (2009-2013) Under Mancini, City successfully finished fifth in the 2009–10 Premier League season. The following season, City won the FA Cup after beating Stoke City 1–0 and successfully finished third in the Premier League, only the difference in goal difference made City fail to displace Chelsea from second place.

The 2011–12 season marked the club's success in ending a 44-year league title drought (last in 1968) in a tight competition with Manchester United. Manchester City managed to become champions with a goal difference difference that was more in favor of the right.

History of Manchester United

Manchester United F.C. (commonly abbreviated as Man Utd, Man United or simply MU) is a top football club in England based at Old Trafford, Manchester. Formed as Newton Heath L&YR F.C. in 1878 as the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway depot football team at Newton Heath, renamed Manchester United in 1902.

Although it has always been one of the strongest teams in England, it was only since 1993 that Manchester United achieved great dominance in the domestic championship under the direction of Sir Alex Ferguson – dominance on a scale not seen since the end of the Liverpool F.C. era. in the mid-1970s and early 1980s. Since the passing of the Premiership era in 1992, Manchester United is the most successful team with twelve times winning the championship trophy.

Despite the success in domestic competition, it is still difficult to repeat in the European championships; they have only won the Champions League three times in their history (1968, 1999, 2008). Since the 86-87 season, they have won 22 major trophies – the most of any Premier League club. They have won 19 Premier League titles (including when they were still called Division One).

History of Manchester United

In 1968, they became the first English team to win the European Champions League, after beating S.L. Benfica 4–1, and they won the European Champions League for the second time in 1999 and again in 2008 after beating Chelsea F.C. in the finals. They also hold the record for winning the FA Cup 11 times. In 2008, they became the first English club and the second European club to become FIFA Club World Champions. On 12 May 2005, American businessman Malcolm Glazer became the owner of the club by buying a majority stake for £800 million (US$1.47 billion) followed by protests from fanatical supporters.

The team was first formed under the names Newton Heath Lancashire and Yorkshire Railwaiy F.C. in 1878 as a team by Lancashire and Yorkshire, the railway station at Newton Heath. The team shirt is green – gold. They played on a small field on North Road, near Manchester's Piccadilly train station for fifteen years, before moving to Bank Street in the town near Clayton in 1893.

The team had entered the soccer competition the year before and began breaking with the railway station, becoming an independent company, appointing a sorority secretary and dropping the "L&YR" of their name to become Newton Heath F.C. only. Shortly thereafter, in 1902, the team nearly went bankrupt, with debts of more than £2500. Their Bank Street Square has been closed.

Before their team disbanded, they received investment from J.H. Davies*, director of Manchester Breweries. Initially, a team legend, Harry Stafford, who was the team captain, showed off the St. Bernard**, then Davies decided to buy the dog. Stafford refused, but managed to persuade Davies to invest in the team and become team chairman.

A meeting was held to change the name of the association. Manchester Central and Manchester Celtic were proposed names, before Louis Rocca, a young immigrant from Italy, said "Gentlemen, why don't we use the name Manchester United?" The name was set and Manchester United officially existed from 26 April 1902.

Davies also decided to change the team colors and red and white were chosen as the colors of the Manchester United team. Ernest Mangnall was appointed club secretary replacing James West who resigned on 28 September 1902. Mangnall worked hard to lift the team to Division One and failed on his first attempt, finishing 5th in the Second Division League.

Mangnall decided to add a number of players to the club and signed the likes of Harry Moger, Dick Duckworth and John Picken, there was also Charlie Roberts who made a big impact. He was bought for £750 from Grimsby Town in April 1904, and brought the team to third place in the standings at the end of the 1903-1904 season.

They were then promoted to Division One after finishing second in Division Two in the 1905–06 season. Their first season in Division One ended poorly, they finished 8th in the standings. Finally they won their first league title in 1908. Manchester City are being investigated for paying players above the regulations set by the FA. They were fined £250 and eighteen of their players were banned from playing for them again.

United quickly took advantage of the situation, signing Billy Meredith and Sandy Turnbull, among others. This new player was not allowed to play before the new year 1907, due to suspension from the FA. They started playing in the 1907–08 season and United were aiming for the title at that time. The 2–1 win over Sheffield United started United's ten-time winning streak.

But in the end, they closed the season with a 9-point advantage over their rivals, Aston Villa. It took the club two years to bring the trophy back, they won the Division One League trophy for the second time in the 1910–11 season. United move to their new pitch, Old Trafford.

They played their first match at Old Trafford on 19 February 1910 against Liverpool, but they lost 4–3. They didn't get another trophy in the 1911–12 season, they weren't supported by Mangnall anymore because he moved to Manchester City after 10 years with United.

After that, they played 41 years without winning a trophy. United were relegated again in 1922 after ten years of playing in Division One. They moved up the division again in 1925, but struggled to get into the top flight of the Division One league and they went down division again in 1931. United reached an all-time low of 20th in the 1934 Second Division standings. Their strength returned during the 1938–39 season.

In 1945, Matt Busby was appointed manager of the team based at Old Trafford. He asked for something unusual in his job, such as appointing his own team, selecting the players to be recruited himself and determining the training schedule of the players himself. He had lost a manager vacancy at another club, Liverpool F.C., because the job he wanted was felt by Liverpool officials to be the job of a director, but United provided an opportunity for his innovative ideas.

First, Busby did not recruit players, but an assistant manager named Jimmy Murphy. The decision to appoint Busby as manager was a very right decision, Busby paid the trust of the management by leading United to second place in the league in 1947, 1948 and 1949 and winning the FA Cup in 1948. Stan Pearson, Jack Rowley, Allenby Chilton and Charlie Mitten had a hand a big part of United's achievements.

Charlie Mitten returned to Colombia in search of a better fee, but United's senior players did not decline and again won the Division One title in 1952. Busby knew that the football team needed not only the experience of its players, so he also thought about bringing in some players. young.

First of all, young players like Roger Byrne, Bill Foulkes, Mark Jones and Dennis Viollet, needed time to show their best game, as a result United slipped to 8th place in 1953, but the team won the league again in 1956 with a team that was of average age. the player is only 22 years old, scoring 103 goals. This policy of young players led him to become one of the most successful managers to deal with Manchester United (mid 1950s, mid late 1960s and 1990s).

Football History

One of the most popular games in Indonesia is football. In fact, this one game is arguably the most in demand, considering that every match that is available never escapes the large number of spectators.

Football, apart from being a sport, is also a place of entertainment for some people. One proof, there are many girls and boys who

may not be good at playing football but are willing to jostle into the stadium to watch or support their favorite team.

So in order to have more insight into the game of soccer, let's find out a complete explanation about the meaning of football, history, rules, basic techniques, benefits to famous soccer figures in the world.

Football History

Football History

Based on sources quoted on the Football History website, the presence of soccer games occurred in China around the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC under the name of the game Cuju. Where Cuju is played with a round ball on a square ground. Many countries claim that the presence of football started from themselves, such as Ancient Greece and Rome.

But the widely acclaimed story of the popular game of football in the 12th century, where in this century football was played on the meadows and streets of England. Over time, football clubs emerged, but the presence of the football club, which is believed to have existed since the 15th century, was well organized and without official status.

Therefore, it is quite difficult to determine which football club was the first to appear on this earth. Some British historians believe that there was a professional club that was formed in England in 1862 under the name of the English club Notts County. A year later modern football was born in 1863 when the English Football Association was founded.

Since then, in 1883, the first international tournament was held involving four countries, namely England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Although football became a phenomenon that was loved and loved by England, it slowly spread to other European countries. The first match in 1867 to take place outside Europe was in Argentina. Precisely on May 21, 1904 the Federation International Football Association (FIFA) was founded, which was signed by seven countries namely France, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.

Although England is synonymous with the history of the development of football, they did not join in from the start. Still, they merged the following year. The growing love of the sport of football was strengthened by its inclusion as an official sport in the Olympics in 1908. And the first World Cup held in 1930 further strengthened the sport which is very popular on the international scene. It was not until 1996 that women's football was added for the first time.

Definition of Football

The game of football involves the movement of physical, mental, gross motor and fine motor elements, and is built with solid team strength. The movement of all these elements is done to keep the ball moving dynamically and crossing the goal line.

The ball used in the game is oval in shape, where every movement is carried out by each player using their feet and only the goalkeeper (goalkeeper) can touch the ball using their hands.Moments and events from football matches do give an unforgettable impression, and always attract attention to be seen movement by movement.

There is nothing wrong with football being one of the most popular sports in the world. A sport played by 250 million people in more than 200 countries is also committed to making it a must-have sport. So that many supporters and families are committed not to miss a football match, both professional league and amateur league.

As one of the oldest sports in the world it is also the most popular to watch. Today, the game is played worldwide by millions of people, with billions of supporters. No wonder football is present in various game concepts, such as the World Cup.

In addition there are tournaments Euro Championships, Copa America and Africa Cup of Nations. In addition, the strongest leagues in England (English Premier League), Spain (La Liga), Italy (Serie A) and Germany (Bundesliga). IN Indonesia (Liga 1) as the strongest league.

Seeing the enthusiasm of the world's population for soccer, it may have to coincide with the rules of the game, FIFA as the international organization that oversees this sport has issued standard rules.

Where this rule is called the Law of the Game which according to them applies to all matches both at the international level and matches between small children in remote villages.

According to them that the law should apply equally in every game in every confederation, country, city and village around the world. Because with the rules imposed in the game is a great power that must be maintained for the good.

In the Law of the Game document they have a philosophy and spirit of the law where "the best matches are matches where referees are rarely needed because the game is full of respect for each other".

These guidelines are the only football laws adopted by the sporting body FIFA. In these rules there are 17 articles that apply to matches where the rules relating to the number of players a team must have, the duration of the match, the size of the field and ball, the type and nature of the offense that can be judged by the referee, and many other rules related to the principles of football. ball. During the game, it is the duty of the referee to interpret and enforce the "principles" of the game. However, in general, in football matches, the goal is to score as many goals as the opponent.

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